Contraception is probably the modern backbone of Gynecology and the ability to prevent pregnancy has been a tremendous benefit to women as individuals and society as a whole.
There are many different types of contraception the majority of which use hormones to “turn off” egg production ( ovulation); these include birth control pills, the vaginal ring, the patch and an injection given every three months.
IUDs are devices placed inside the uterus that prevent the transport of sperm through the uterus to the egg in the fallopian tube. One type of IUD has a 5 year duration and the other a 12 year duration. They are inserted in the office and can be removed sooner than 5 or 12 years if desired.
Surgical sterilization blocks the fallopian tubes preventing sperm from reaching an egg. There are two basic types of operations, one is done through the abdomen using small incisions. The other is done looking through the vagina up into the uterus and placing non-removable “plugs” in the fallopian tube. These are outpatient surgical procedures.
Male sterilization which is often overlooked can be a very good option.
The “morning after” pill is available without prescription if you are over 18 and is available through planned parenthood if you are under 18. If you need emergency contraception or the morning after pill I recommend that you Google “Plan B”.